22nd District Court
22nd District Court
Honorable Judge Hammer
Deputy Court Administrator:
Deputy Court Clerks:
Community Service Directors
S. River Park Drive
Inkster, Michigan 48141
8:30am - 4:30pm
The 22nd Judicial District Court is located in Wayne County in the
City of Inkster, and is one of 121 District Courts in the State of
Michigan. It is presently the busiest single judge Court and its judge
handles the heaviest docket of any state judge in Michigan.
The function of the Court is to administer justice and provide a
forum for the orderly resolution of disputes. Toward that end, a Judge
must listen and give each case the time required even though the Courtís
case-flow statistics may be impacted. The 22nd District Court has
consistently exceeded the statewide annual average number of
dispositions and new case filings per judge by between 1,000 to 8,000
cases. These numbers are staggering but they, alone, do not convey the
true workload. This Court also has far more judicially time intensive
cases than other District Courts, including general civil, serious
felony cases, criminal misdemeanors and landlord tenant cases.
The Chief Judgeís request for a second judgeship was recently denied
for a third time by the Michigan Supreme Court, yet, the 22nd District
Court remains committed to administering justice, providing equal access
and affording every litigant a fair opportunity to be heard.
Choose from the Menu below to be directed to
additional, specific information regarding the 22nd District Court.
Programs & Services
Court Hours & Location
The Court generally adheres to the following schedule except on
and during weeks set aside for jury trials:
Monday is set aside for out of custody arraignments. Most matters are
scheduled in advance but persons known to have out- standing warrants
may turn themselves in for arraignment to avoid arrest. (In custody
arraignments are conducted daily.) This is the first appearance before
the Judge for persons charged with a criminal misdemeanor or felony.
The Judge advises of the charge and potential consequences of
conviction. The Defendant must enter a plea of
- Not Guilty,
- No Contest or
- May Stand Mute.
If Defendant pleads guilty, a sentence may be imposed immediately for
misdemeanor convictions. If a Defendant pleads not guilty or
sentencing is delayed, the Judge will set a bond and the next Court
Defendants are required to check in at the front window with a Deputy
Morning General Civil
Pre-trials, trials, motion hearings, creditor exams, petitions for
installment payments, and objections to garnishments are heard by the
The Judge holds civil pre-trials in chambers before taking the bench.
Land contract forfeitures and other summary proceedings related to
housing are heard.
Check in with Court Officers.
On the second and fourth Tuesday criminal misdemeanors and local
ordinance cases are added to the docket (Criminal Defendants see
Thursday check-in procedure).
Cases are heard. The Prosecutor must pre-screen all cases set for
trial, pretrial, and preliminary examination. The prosecutor prepares
the proper forms and sends the file to the judge when they are ready to
Check in with the Assistant County Prosecutor by 9:00am for felonies
and 10:00am for misdemeanors. The judge takes the bench as soon as cases
are pre-tried and ready to be heard.
Cases are heard.
Defense Lawyers and out of custody Defendants must check in with the
City Attorney, who will prepare the proper form(s) and send the files to
the judge. The judge takes the bench as soon as cases are
pre-tried and ready to be heard.
Show cause hearings are also held.
Check in with Probation Officers.
Informal Hearings & Small Claims
The Magistrate conducts informal hearings for civil traffic
infractions on Tuesday and Thursday and Small Claims cases on Wednesday
afternoon in Courtroom B.
Courts assign priority to matters involving Defendants who are in
custody. Similarly criminal cases take precedence over civil matters.
The Court may interrupt or delay scheduled proceedings to conduct
in-custody arraignments, and address other urgent matters as necessary.
- While the Prosecutor/City Attorney prepares criminal files for
hearing, the Judge signs warrants, judgments, writs and orders in
chambers. Currently, there are thousands of cases in warrant status.
- On Tuesdays and Thursdays the afternoon docket may start late
when, in the judges discretion, it is expedient to extend the morning
docket to complete a trial or conclude the testimony of a witness.
- This may be done to avoid requiring morning litigants to return
after lunch resulting in a double inconvenience to them as well as a
delay to afternoon litigants.
The Court has contracted with Official Payments Corporation to enable
citizens to pay uncontested civil traffic tickets by phone 24 hours per
day 7 days a week using credit/debit cards. Call (888) 604-7888 and
enter code 5025 for further information. The Court also accepts direct
credit card payments and there is a drop box at the front entrance.
Programs & Services
In 1989, the Chief Judge initiated a local community service program
to put non-violent offenders to work and save taxpayers the cost of
incarceration. Offenders pay all costs and fund educational/community
events such as Law Day. They cut lawns and remove snow for low income
seniors, pick up litter and work with charitable organizations. Seniors
who wish to be placed on the service list and community organizations
may call Sharon Livingston, Community Service Director at (313)
Because the 22nd District Court has a disproportionate number of
drunk driving and drug related cases, it sought and was awarded a
$25,000.00 federal planning grant to develop a local Drug/Sobriety
Court. After training in Georgia, California and finally in Lansing the
Courtís team received Certificates of Completion from the National Drug
Court Institute. If federal or state funding becomes available, the
Court is poised to launch a Pilot Program in 2006 and become 1 of over
1600 Drug/Sobriety Courts presently in operation.
Brown vs. The Board of Education Program
The 50th Anniversary of the landmark civil rights case which struck
down "Separate But Equal" schools was celebrated around the nation in
May 2004. The Court drew a standing room only crowd at its Educational
Program which featured an "Inkster Idol Contest".
The Chief Judge convened a coalition of prominent pastors, school
administrators and community leaders, resulting in the formation of Save
African American Boys (S.A.A.B.) The intensive mentoring program was the
only organization of its kind in the state. The goal was to keep
mentorees in school and out of court by providing positive role models
and exposure to cultural/ educational venues both in and out of state.
S.A.A.B. was funded by an annual ecumenical concert featuring a mass
combined choir of participating churches.
The interception of the local school district confluent with the
Court's heavy docket resulted in the 11 year highly successful program
being placed on hiatus. There are ruminations of reactivating S.A.A.B.
Law Day Program
For the past 17 years, on or about May 1st, the Chief Judge has given
students at Inkster High School a first hand lesson on how the Court
system works. During the assembly, real life Court hearings are
conducted with an emphasis on drunk driving and drug related cases. The
court also sponsors an essay contest and works directly with students
who present mock legal arguments before the student body. The assembly
is open to the public and is later aired on Comcast . Topics have
included capital punishment; President Clinton's sexual harassment case;
Michael Jackson's child molestation case and the O. J. Simpson murder
Court Hours & Location
The 22nd District Court is open to the public Monday through Friday
from 8:30am until 4:30pm. The Court is closed on Saturdays and
Sundays, and Holidays. The Court is located 1 block North of
Michigan Avenue and 1 block East of Inkster Road.
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